Hasta que punto el uso de las TIC

Recientemente a través de  una entrevista realizada por la revista “el estetoscopio” de la  sociedad chilena de pediatria me plantaban una interrogante que esta presente en la mayoría de los adultos ¿Cuál es el rol de la tecnología en el desarrollo de los niños de hoy? ¿Hasta qué punto deben estar expuestos a ésta?, un rol que para muchos es un tema de preocupación pero para otros sólo una oportunidad para “mantener a niños pequeños entretenidos frente a la pantalla”,  pero que sin lugar a dudas va mucho mas allá. Se trata de que las Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicación (TIC) son parte integral de vida cotidiana de nuestros niños y niñas, hoy en día el entorno se configura con la presencia una larga lista de recursos tecnológicos que a veces resultan ser adecuados o veces no, a los distintos rangos etáreos, pero el problema no radica ahí, pienso que como adultos debemos estar informados para poder aprovechar la experiencia y la curiosidad innata de los más pequeños para rescatar las oportunidades que nos brindan estos recursos, y de esta manera mejorar las oportunidades de aprendizaje, favoreciendo con esto la creatividad, la resolución de problemas, la discusión, el juego, la posibilidad de asumir riesgos. Tenemos que brindar la oportunidad de aprender de las TIC y con las TIC, no olvidando que ellos forman parte del segmento de la población denominada “nativos digitales”.

El desafío es para nosotros los adultos respecto de la forma ¿cómo nos enfrentamos a este mundo con TIC? ¿Cómo orientamos el uso responsable de estos recursos? ¿Tenemos consciencia de las modificaciones que ha provocado el uso de TIC en el desarrollo?

El uso continuo y natural de las TIC por niños pequeños puede garantizar el desarrollo de la conciencia tecnológica y disposición positiva hacia la alfabetización digital. Concordando con lo planteado por diversos autores, hoy no podemos predecir las modificaciones cognitivas que va a suponer el paso de una cultura basada en la escritura a una cultura digital.

El carácter multimedial y potencialidades propias y particulares que benefician el conocimiento, desarrollo y habilidades que generen un aprendizaje. Todo esto, se genera a través de imágenes y sonidos, aumentando así, el ritmo de aprendizaje.

La tecnología ayuda en  el aprendizaje de los párvulos, por este motivo, es importante poder introducir, implementar y prepararlos hacia el mundo de la informática y los computadores, de manera que según sus aprendizajes, sean capaces de conocer, explorar y manejar herramientas útiles en el ámbito educativo.

Lo primordial que desde edad preescolar, se favorezca una integración de los niños y niñas a la sociedad. Junto con eso, se espera que sea una composición acorde al movimiento y a la rapidez con que cambian los tiempos y sobre todo las tecnologías. Es por esta razón, que a los niños y niñas se les acerque a la tecnología desde pequeños.

Uso social del computador

Es importante considerar que el computador puede ser utilizado de manera individual o grupal, interactuando entre pares y/o adultos. De esta manera, se puede compartir por medio de juegos interactivos, software educativos, y también a través de la utilización de programas donde puedan dibujar y pintar a la vez, “Sobre todo en tiempos en que los ordenadores hogareños se comparten entre todos, y los niños suelen pasar largas horas frente a ellos. Proveerles de un lugar seguro será mucho más tranquilizador para todos” (Willy Klew, 2008 p.http://www.visualbeta.es) En la actualidad, los niños y niñas pasan largas horas frente al computador, por lo que es fundamental proveerles un espacio cómodo, seguro y limpio, donde puedan interactuar libremente con sus pares y adultos en diversas experiencias.

Uso lúdico del computador

El uso lúdico del computador, se refiere a la interacción que realizan niños y niñas con esta herramienta, es decir, como un medio de entretención, donde se pueden utilizar juegos interactivos. Es por esto, que “El uso creativo de nuevas tecnologías; las herramientas tecnológicas adecuadas mejoran y promueven notablemente la mediación educativa. El conocimiento y utilización creativos de computadores, cámaras digitales, computadores portátiles, entre otros favorecen el aprendizaje de modo significativo”. (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, 2007, p. http://www.caiuc.cl).

A partir de lo anterior, es que el computador les permite ampliar sus capacidades para razonar, sus interacciones sociales, las destrezas no verbales, el razonamiento lógico matemático, entre otros. Estas, pueden ejercitarse por medio de diversas actividades acodes a su edad, como por ejemplo: pintar, contar, armas rompecabezas, entre otras.

Al utilizar esta herramienta como un recurso lúdico, se debe considerar que es un medio desde el cual, los niños y niñas pueden ir adquiriendo aprendizajes significativos por medio del juego, considerándose un elemento motivador e interesante para ellos.

Fuente  Revista N° 55  El estetoscopio, Marzo – ABRIL 2011.

Esta entrada fue publicada en Educación Inicial y TIC. Guarda el enlace permanente.

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