De los proyectos y cómo cumplirlos…

“La única diferencia entre un sueño y un objetivo es una fecha.”

– Edmundo Hoffens

La vida está llena de proyectos, unos se cumplen y otros nunca ven la luz del sol: el proyecto de la universidad, el proyecto de vida, el proyecto de armar la biblioteca que esta arrumada en el cuarto de San Alejo, el proyecto de bajar de peso, el proyecto de actualización tecnológica, etc. Y todos estos proyectos, sin importar su envergadura, tienen una serie de características similares que los enmarcan y los definen: Tiempo, Recursos (físicos o monetarios), metodología (como hacerlo realidad) y participantes (con quien cuento).

Comencemos por el TIEMPO. Un proyecto necesita tener definido cuando comienza y sobre todo cuando termina, y que ésta información la conozcan todos los involucrados. Este tiempo debe ser factible de cumplir y aceptado por los que participan. De nada sirve un proyecto que diga que en una semana voy a bajar 20 kilos de peso o que voy a implantar un software de misión crítica en tres meses, cuando son tiempos incumplibles.

La siguiente variable son los RECURSOS. Estos recursos no se limitan solo a los monetarios e incluyen también los físicos. Estos deben estar medidos desde el principio y deben ser limitados y finitos. Ningún proyecto requiere recursos infinitos Estos recursos deben ser limitados, finitos y de cumplimiento y aceptación por los involucrados. Por ejemplo, en el proyecto de la biblioteca, se debe tener el espacio físico necesario más los instrumentos necesarios (martillo, clavos, etc.) de manera que se garantice que el mueble se puede armar. En un proyecto de implantación de software se debe tener la infraestructura necesaria para su cumplimiento.

La manera de llevar a cabo el proyecto o METODOLOGÍA es muy importante. No existe LA METODOLOGÍA única que garantice el éxito. Lo importante es saber desde un principio como se van a hacer las cosas y hacerlas de acuerdo al plan, y que éste plan incluya todos los riesgos asociados. En este plan influye mucho la experiencia de los participantes y lo que se conoce como “Mejores prácticas” Continuando con el ejemplo de la biblioteca, mientras alguien la puede comenzar a armar de abajo hacia arriba, otra persona la puede armar de arriba abajo, la mejor práctica es seguir las instrucciones y el riesgo es que hagan falta piezas o que nuestro armario no quepa en nuestro cuarto. En un proceso de implantación de tecnología existen directrices como las contenidas en el PM Book.

Por último, y uno de los elementos más importantes, lo constituye los PARTICIPANTES del proyecto. Siempre debe haber entre los participantes del proyecto alguien que lo coordine y tome la decisión final. Asimismo los participantes deben estar identificados con el objetivo del proyecto y desear también que este sea realidad.  De nada sirve armar un armario en el cuarto de alguien que no quiere tenerlo.

Los proyectos que no llegan a feliz término, por lo general se deben a que la sinergia de las variables anteriores no se da de la manera adecuada, ya que uno o más de los elementos anteriores no se sintonizan con los demás.

No hay una fórmula secreta que garantice el correcto resultado de un proyecto, pero con el equilibrio adecuado entre el tiempo, recursos, metodología y sobre todo un excelente equipo de trabajo, el éxito es muy probable que se presente. En un proyecto relacionado con servicios de tecnología, el elemento mas importante lo constituye sin lugar a dudas las personas, ya que éstas van a ser las que realmente los que le den sentido a un proyecto de éstos, y sin el compromiso, aceptación y dedicación NINGÚN proyecto de software funcionará.

Daniel Fernando Cortes G.

Twitter: @danielfernandoc

Linkedin: DanielFernandoCortesG

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